Buenos Aires is the capital and largest city of Argentina. The city is located on the western shore of the estuary of the Río de la Plata, on the South American continent southeastern coast. "Buenos Aires" can be translated as "fair winds" or "good airs", but the former was the meaning intended by the founders in the 16th century, by the use of the original name "Real de Nuestra Señora Santa María del Buen Ayre". The Greater Buenos Aires conurbation, which also includes several Buenos Aires Province districts, constitutes the fourth-most populous metropolitan area in the Americas, with a population of around 15.6 million.
The city of Buenos Aires is neither part of Buenos Aires Province nor the Province's capital; rather, it is an autonomous district. In 1880, after decades of political infighting, Buenos Aires was federalized and removed from Buenos Aires Province. The city limits were enlarged to include the towns of Belgrano and Flores; both are now neighborhoods of the city.
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La Boca is one of the 47 districts of Buenos Aires, located next to the city’s port where Riachuelo river meet Rio de la Plata. It is one of the oldest parts of the city, the place where most of the European immigrants started their life in Argentina.
At the end of the 19th century, the district was heavily inhabited, mostly by people of Italian origins (hence Buenos Aires has a really amazing pizza!) who gave the area unique look and European vibe. The houses of La Boca are cute, colorful and somehow kitschy but that’s what makes the neighborhood one of the biggest attractions of Buenos Aires!
The Casa Rosada is the executive mansion and office of the President of Argentina. The palatial mansion is known officially as Casa de Gobierno, ("House of Government" or "Government House"). Normally, the President lives at the Quinta de Olivos, the official residence of the President of Argentina, which is located in Olivos, Greater Buenos Aires. The characteristic color of the Casa Rosada is baby pink, and is considered one of the most emblematic buildings in Buenos Aires. The building also houses a museum, which contains objects relating to former presidents of Argentina. It has been declared a National Historic Monument of Argentina.
Plaza De Mayo
The Plaza de Mayo is a city square and main foundational site of Buenos Aires, Argentina. It was formed in 1884 after the demolition of the Recova building, unifying the city's Plaza Mayor and Plaza de Armas, by that time known as Plaza de la Victoria and Plaza 25 de Mayo respectively. The city centre of Buenos Aires, Plaza de Mayo has been the scene of the most momentous events in Argentine history, as well as the largest popular demonstrations in the country. On the occasion of the one-year anniversary of the May Revolution in 1811, the Pirámide de Mayo was inaugurated in the square's hub, becoming Buenos Aires' first national monument.
This is no ordinary cemetery. It’s a place of rest for the rich, famous, and powerful of Argentina. You’ll find impressive, ornate mausoleums packed tightly in this little corner of the city where you can wander for hours amidst a maze of the family graves. Perhaps the most popular site here is first lady Eva Perón’s tomb, where people still leave flowers and tributes.
After paying your respects to Evita, snapping some haunting photos, and petting a few stray cats, has a peek inside the Basilica de Nuestra Señora del Pilar next door.
Museo Nacional de Bellas Artes
The Museum of Fine Arts in Buenos Aires is among the best in the world, with works by South American artists in addition to the big names like Van Gogh, Degas, Monet, and Picasso. And shockingly, it’s free! Make sure to hit up this museum as you stroll through Recoleta as it’s definitely worth a look around. They have got paintings, tapestries, carvings, and rotating temporary exhibits on display.
San Telmo Market
This colorful, crowded Sunday street fair the Feria de San Telmo draws over 12,000 people each week.
There are tons of antiques, artwork, knick knacks, and other treasures laid out along the pedestrian street of Defensa. It’s the perfect place to get an original souvenir that dates back to the golden age of Buenos Aires.
Keep an eye on your belongings as you wander the 270 stalls of this local bazaar, purchase some homemade snacks, and watch the street performers do their thing along the 13 cobblestone blocks.
If you feel like getting out of the city for a breath of fresh air, take the train to Tigre to explore the delta for the day. The best day to visit is Sunday when you can check out the city’s Puerto de Frutos, a large market with crafts, foods, and handcrafted furniture. There’s also an artist’s market on the main dock, a park, and a few museums.
It’s easy to take a boat tour, rent a kayak, or grab a ferry to some of the waterfront restaurants and clubs while you’re there.