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Not only is Vienna the biggest city in Austria but it is also the country’s capital. There are few cities in the world that have such a rare collection of palaces, museums and historical landmarks as Vienna. Quite ahead in diplomacy, the city hosts several of the world’s most important international organizations such as the UNO and OPEC. Situated in the eastern region of the country, it shares borders with three countries namely the Czech Republic, Slovakia and Hungary. The cultural significance of Vienna’s city center is so profound that it has been listed among the UNESCO World Heritage Sites. However, unfortunate circumstances led to its placement in the World Heritage in Danger list. Its nicknames include The City of Music and The City of Dreams. The latter was chosen because Sigmund Freud lived in Vienna. There used to be Celtic settlements in this area as well as Roman villages. In the Medieval times it turned into an urban settlement and thrived as a Baroque city as well. Eventually, Vienna was declared the capital city of the Austro-Hungarian Empire contributing greatly to European culture especially with regards to music, architecture and art.
Vacation rentals in Vienna
Make sure to book a great a vacation rental in Vienna from the website of CuddlyNest’s website while planning your trip to Austria. Hotel rooms tend to be a bit expensive and there are restrictions related to time besides rules about pets. You may talk to your host beforehand explaining what your requirements are if they were not included in the official listing.
Tourist attractions in Vienna
This city is Heaven for people who love art, architecture, culture and history. You will find splendid monuments, museums and palaces in Vienna. Each landmark and piece of art has been crafted by a famous master. Many of these structures were constructed for the nobles or royal of the old kingdoms.
Lose yourself in the wonders of the Baroque palace situated near the River Wien that dates back to the 1950s. It initially started out as the Katterburg Mansion built by the owner in 1548. The palace was commissioned by the Holy Roman Emperor Maximilian II in 1569 when he bought that land and turning into a hunting area. The Hasburg rulers used to rest here during the summer time. Eleonora Gonzaga was the wife of Ferdinand II and she’s largely responsible for the extensions in the buildings and grounds. Empress Maria Theresa received the Schönbrunn Palace as a wedding gift and renovation till today was done during her reign from the 1740s to 1750s. Fans of the neoclassical style have plenty to see in the glorious architecture and lovers of nature will adore the botanical gardens and orangerie.
The Austrian President is lucky to live and work in this fabulous historic palace that was the main residence of the rulers during the Habsburg dynasty. Situated in the heart of the city, it was constructed in the 13th century and is the political hub of the country. In the old days, it was basically the ideal palace to enjoy the winter for the royals. Located within the Hofburg Palace complex is a grand imperial library as well as the popular Spanish Riding School. It houses the treasury so it is literally the treasure of the nation. The imperial chapel is also situated in this area where formal religious ceremonies are conducted. The Heroes Square is a major tourist attraction here built during the time of Emperor Francis Joseph I along with the Sisi Museum.
St. Stephen's Cathedral
Among the grand churches of Austria, St. Stephen’s Cathedral holds great significance because it is the mother church of the Roman Catholic Archdiocese of Vienna. It also happens to be the seat of Vienna’s archbishop. The fantastic architecture of this beautiful cathedral is an alluring blend of Romanesque and Gothic styles. Duke Rudolf IV began its construction in the 14th century over the remains of the not one but two churches that previously occupied this area. Some of the most important religious ceremonies are conducted at St. Stephen’s Cathedral. In addition, this historic church has become a cultural symbol for the Austrians because of its intricate roof that has been decorated in tiles in a myriad of colors. Thankfully, you are allowed to take pictures of the amazing interior as well that you will cherish forever.
If you are interested in discovering more Baroque buildings then you cannot miss out on a guided tour of the incredible Belvedere Palace. It comprises of two clear sections namely, Upper and Lower Belvedere. In addition, there is a beautiful orangery and the palace stables where some of the finest horse breeds of the region are kept and the Belvedere Museum where you may learn more about the country’s culture and history. Like many historic landmarks, Belvedere Palace is also located in Vienna’s centre. The lovely landscaping of the gardens has gushing fountains and little waterfalls. Everywhere you walk there are masterfully sculpted art works by famous artists. One of the most astonishing sights in this palace complex are intimidating large main gates. Prince Eugene of Savoy who was also the Commander-in-Chief used it as a summer residence. This is great place to take your children as well to increase their knowledge.
Kunsthistorisches Museum Wien
The Kunsthistorisches Museum is also called the Museum of Fine Arts and is dedicated to the rich history of art in Europe particularly Austria. As explained before, the artists of this country had a huge role in the evolution of art in the continent. Vienna was always the art center of Austria because of its cultural importance. It can be identified from afar because of its signature octagonal dome. The building was first opened to the public in 1891 during the reign of Emperor Franz Joseph I. The Natural History Museum, opened around the same time, is located right next to it. Anyone wishing to learn about Austria must come here.