Croatia, one of Europe’s most beautiful coastal countries has so much to offer visitors. But what do we really know about Croatia? We know it has incredible food, dreamy landscapes, and some of the friendliest people. We know it is one of the most famous film locations and is very well-known for its picturesque red-roof houses and crystal blue waters.
But there is still so much to learn before packing your bags and heading off to the Dalmatian Coast. That’s why we are sharing with you 30 fun facts about Croatia, that you cannot find anywhere else. Whether you have or have not visited this Balkan country, there is so much to discover, that you’ll want to visit again and again.
What is Croatia known for?
Croatia has one of the most fascinating histories, cultures, and environments of all the European countries. With incredible outdoor attractions and historic monuments, it’s important to learn all the interesting and fun facts about Croatia, and more to plan the perfect getaway. Let’s dive in, starting with the history of this Balkan country.
Fact 1: The country of Croatia was inhabited as early as the Paleolithic Age. The Croats then arrived in the 6th century.
Fact 2: On June 7, 879, Croatia was internationally recognized as an independent state. 46 years later, Tomislav became the first king in 925. Croatia thus became a kingdom and maintained its sovereignty for two centuries.
Fact 3: After years under different rules including the Kingdom of Yugoslavia, Croatia finally gained its full independence on June 25, 1991.
Fact 4: Zagreb is the capital and largest city in Croatia. It became the capital of the Balkan country in April 1941. and is 247 square miles (641 square kilometers). It is home to a fifth of the country’s population.
Fact 5: Croatia is also home to an original Egyptian sphinx. In 297, twelve sphinxes were brought to Split, Croatia. Currently, only a black granite one remains and is standing at the Peristyle.
Fact 6. The Pula Arena in Pula, Croatia is the only remaining Roman amphitheater in the world to maintain its four side towers. It is one of the remaining three pieces of Roman architecture to keep its architectural integrity.
Did you know any of these fun facts about Croatia?
Croatian Geography & Cities
Fact 7. Croatia borders five countries. Hungary to the north, Bosnia, and Herzegovina, as well as Serbia to the east, Montenegro to the south, and Slovenia to the west. The Adriatic Sea borders the majority of Croatia’s southwest region. While it does not directly border with Italy, the two countries share a maritime border.
Fact 8. Croatia may be one of Europe’s smaller country’s but it is actually the 127th largest country in the world.
Fact 9. There are nearly as many Croatians living outside of the country as there are living there. The current population is a little over 4 million people.
Fact 10. Croatia has more than 1,200 islands, islets, and crags off the coast of the mainland. However, only 48 are inhabited. Hvar and Korcula receive the most visitors of all the islands.
Fact 11. The smallest town in the world is in Croatia. The town of “Hum” is so small its population is only between 17 to 23 people.
Fact 12. Vinkovci in eastern Croatia is one of the oldest towns in Europe. It has been continuously inhabited for more than 8,000 years!
Fact 13. Zlatni rat beach changes in shape and color depending on the wind. This beach is in Bol, on the island of Brac. Its nickname is the Golden Horn.
Were any of these fun facts about Croatia a surprise to you?
Fact 15. Croatia is the home of the popular dog breed Dalmatians. The breed dates back to the 17th century. The coast is named after the breed.
Fact 16. The Croatian military first wore knotted neckties in the 1600s, thus many historians believe the necktie was invented in Croatia.
Fact 17. Croatia is very well known for its delicious cuisine, including specialties like Peka and Pag Cheese.
Fact 18. There are names of two Croatian’s on the map of the Moon. Scientists J.R. Boskovik and A.Mohorovicic.
Fact 19. Nikola Tesla was born in the northern Adriatic region of Lika.
Fact 20. The world’s first torpedo was constructed by Rijeka native, Ivan Lupis.
Fact 21. Croatian innovator, Slavoljub Penkala, invented the very first mechanical pencil. The name pen comes from his surname.
Fact 22. While the popular film Mamma Mia 2 takes place in the Greek Isles, it was actually filmed on the Croatian Island, Vis.
Fact 23. The main exports of Croatia consist of textiles, transport equipment, foodstuffs, chemicals, and fuels.
Fact 24. Croatia has the highest number of UNESCO Intangible Goods of any European Country. In addition to our interesting facts about Croatia, there are also 10 sites in Croatia listed on the UNESCO World Heritage site list. The list includes the Historical Complex of Split with the Palace of Diocletian, Dubrovnik city, and Plitvice Lakes National Park.
Croatia’s Great Outdoors
Fact 25. Croatia’s highest mountain is the Dinara peak which over 6,000 feet (1,831 meters).
Fact 26. Croatia is one of the most verdant and green countries in the world. 10% of the country is home to 11 natural parks, 8 national parks, and 2 nature reserves. One of it’s most famous national parks is Plitvice Lakes National Park.
Fact 27. Croatia enjoys 2.715 hours of sunshine a year. That’s more than Sydney, Australia. Hvar Island receives the most with almost 2,800 hours of sunshine.
Fact 28. Alfred Hitchcock once said that the seaside town, Zadar, has the best sunset in the world.
Fact 29. The national flower of Croatia is the iris.
Fact 30. Croatia has the richest collection of remains of Neanderthal people in the world.
Extra fun fact: Croatia has some of the best vacation rentals and hotels found on CuddlyNest. Plan your dream vacation and check them out here!
Did you learn some interesting, new, and fun facts about Croatia? Now that you know the most interesting and best fun facts about Croatia, it is time to plan your getaway. Let us know what destinations you can’t wait to visit first, and we will help you find the perfect place to stay.
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